In writing and speech, a metaphor is used as an expression- a word or phrase; that refers to an unrelated idea, creating additional meaning. Images can be used in much the same way. For example in this painting of “Dark Matter”, the artist uses smoke rising (in the human figure) as a visual metaphor; making the audience curious about why the artist choose to incorporate smoke and the meaning behind the smoke. What does the smoke have represent? Is there a greater meaning to this painting that the artist is trying to convey? By using “smoke” as a visual metaphor, the artist is trying to make the audience think “Am I just looking at the shape of a human with smoke filled in? or is there a bigger picture I am missing??”. For this assignment I originally planned on comparing my typeface/ poster design idea to the “Wendy Red Star” (painting seen below on the left) because I liked how the artist used the colors to make a sunset on the beach, but after rereading all the pictures I took from the WSU Museum and their summaries; I decided that the “Dark Matter” Painting was much more relevant to the typeface design I decided to go with. The reason I choose to go with the painting by Samantha Wall  (Dark Matter artist) was because the creativity she had in substituting smoke as the filler for the human figure, instead of just plain old skin. This paintings uniqueness, to think outside the realm of the social norm; helped me in shaping my organic shape that I used in the creation of all my letters in my typeface design (except the letter “C”). For my poster design on the other hand, I was actually inspired not only by the wave like shape I made but by also the colors presented in the “Wendy Red Star” painting of a couple at the beach watching a sunset.

Dark Matter 2016 Samantha Wall 1977

Wendy Red Star Enit 2010 Image courtesy of Crow’s Shadow Institute of the Arts


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Final Reflection: Ryan Ferrell

For my final reflection for DTC 201, I chose to listen to the oral history projects from Emily Bruckner, Christian Solovey, and Jenna Walker.

Emily Bruckner –  She interviewed her father, Brian Bruckner, about the comparison of traditional lecture classes back in the 90s, compared to educational technology in the present day. Some themes I found were lectures, online classes, and e-books. I believe that the most interesting and relevant (to me) part of the interview is when he talks about the lack of interaction in lectures online compared to traditional in-person lectures. This usage of technology makes it simple to get lecture recordings of your professors explaining the topic, but there is no chance for immediate interaction to ask questions or anything. Although, office hours are comparable and similar, while e-books have made reading textbooks so much more accessible, allowing you to read in many settings. This is a great oral history, talking about the change in learning styles between generations as technology advances.

Christian Solovey – He interviewed DJ Tommy Gunz about the change of musical DJ equipment from the 90s to present day. Some themes I found were mixing boards, music selection, and music storage. What I found most interesting and relevant to the context of the interview was how in the 90s, they were limited to two records and mixing off those, the instrumentals and lyrics; while today, we have computers that store all the music, instrumentals, beats, lyrics, etc. that can be used to mix music. So, the combination of music is boundless. This is a great oral history, going back and forth, comparing modern music technology to that of the past.

Jenna Walker – She interviewed her grandma about the evolution of literary technology. from the 50s and 60s to the present day. Some themes I recognized were hand writing, typewriters, and computers. What I found most interesting relevant was the change from having to review your writing, spellcheck it, and hand change something to being able to have instant spellcheck, grammar check, and you can just highlight it and either select a change or quickly make the change yourself. This is a good oral history, representing the change of how typing and the process of creating literary art had changed and become more sufficient.

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Final Reflection: Emily Burns

Ashley Cole:

I thought that Ashley’s interview with her dad was very interesting. I think the most relevant part of this story is when Ashley’s dad talked about the transition from pay phones to cell phones. He said that this technological development was huge and changed a lot of things. Ashley’s dad mentioned that this development made life a lot more continent. I think Ashley’s overall interview was a great example of oral history. I like how the interview flows from past to present, and then at the end he talked a little about the future.

Jenna Walker:

I really enjoyed listening to Jenna’s interview with her grandma. One part that stood out to me is at the end when Jenna asks her grandma if she thinks the computers we have today have had a big impact on the way people write. Her grandma said yes. She believes that computers are more efficient and typing allows your thoughts to continue and flow. I thought this was a good example of the way computer development has changed our lives. Overall, I think this story is a good example of oral history. Her grandma talked about the technology she grew up with and how the advancements have influences our everyday life.

Emily Bruckner:

I thought Emily’s interview with her dad was very interesting and a different topic that I haven’t even thought about for this project. I liked listening to Brian’s traditional college experience verses his online school experience. One part that stood out to me was when Brian was talking about the convince of online school. He said that during lunch breaks or free time during his work day he could just go on his computer and catch up on school work. He didn’t have to carry around a bunch of heavy text books, everything was online. I think this was a great example of how technological changes have changed Brian’s life. He didn’t have to take time off of work to go to school, rather he could just do it online. This interview was a great example of oral history. I thought it was interesting when he was comparing his previous experience to this whole new online experience. It really showed how the world has changed due to technology.

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Final Reflection: Timmy Huynh

I listened to Brandon Bliesner, Emily Bruckner, and Tori Bredy. Brandon’s Oral History project was on walkmans vs iPods. It was interesting listening to the difference between the two listening devices so directly and seeing things like price, generation, and release dates. They also had a few similarities such as using them for the same purposes of listening to music and convenience of portability for their time. It was also interesting to see how the difference between obtaining and listening to music was so different between the three generations of buying cds, downloading the music to the device all the way to streaming and speculation of what might come next. I’d say this is an example of oral history because it shows how Brandon’s dad saw the differences between generations of music listening devices and the major improvements between the two devices. Emily interviewed her father and the technology was about online education and the difference between traditional colleges versus learning online. The difference between the feeling of coming into an auditorium or classroom, felt more close and personal rather than taking the online courses where he would sometimes just listening to a prerecorded lecture. The textbooks were also interesting to listen to, Emily’s father enjoyed not having to carry around heavy textbooks everywhere and having those ebooks being available anywhere with internet was convenient. This is oral history because Bryan was able to see and experience the difference between traditional and online college and education and shared his views on them from a personal view. Tori interviewed her mom, Patty an eight grade teacher. It was intriguing seeing how her newer students are more and more proficient with computers. Patty’s view on the accessibility of files and work through the cloud, and how she can access them from her home laptop without having to carry anything back and forth was fascinating to listen to. That difference made it so she didn’t have to stay at school for as long and could go home and continue working in comfort. I would consider this oral history because it shows the evolution of how technology has started to affect what parents are teaching their kids and how education is evolving with it, making the technological use more and more integral to the system, making the lives of not only the students but the teachers and staff as well.

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Final Reflection: Seth Muck

Wyatt Nevins: Wyatts interview sounded amazing, and I was immediately surprised when he told me he recorded via his phone. In terms of the content, I felt like his grandfather had a lot to say about different generations, and how technology has impacted this one and his own generation. I think the most interesting part of the interview is when his grandfather refused to talk about the random phone calls his father would receive in the night. He mentioned that his family was under government surveillance and I thought it was interesting. This was probably the best example of oral history, it dealt with historical issues and how technology effected and impacted them.

Brianna Esketit: Brianna’s interview was unique, in that it talked about something that isn’t talked about a lot: genetic coding. I thought she made an interesting interview, choosing someone close in age, but in a totally different field than she is. I think the most interesting part of the interview regarding technology is when Lydia spoke about genetic coding and how with recent advancements in medical tech, it has become something heavily used to prevent certain diseases and conditions. This was a great oral history, and it really addressed issues facing the medical community.

Ashley Cole: Ashley decided to interview her dad. I thought it was great how she included music in the beginning, and later on in the interview I realized music had been subtly playing in the background the whole interview. I think what I found most interesting about the interview was when Ashley’s father spoke about having corded phones in the house, and how the main way one would talk on the phone was by moving to another room with the 20+ foot cable. This is a good story about oral history, because it addresses so many technologies that were relevant when Ashley’s father was younger.


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Oral History: Ryan Ferrell


I was excited when this project was introduced to us. I love story time! I decided to interview my grandpa, John Miller, as retired U.S. Army veteran that worked with communication technology and electronics. I could hear the excitement in his voice when I called him to ask if I could interview him about the technology he’s worked with for so many years. When I got home, we interviewed in his bedroom, which has lots of furniture to cushion the sound and the room also has low ceilings, at about 8.5 feet which helps prevent echo and delivered a crisp, quality recording. When I started to interview him, his eyes got so big and he had a smile on his face, he was excited to share his knowledge with me.

The focus of our interview was based on the advancement of communication technology in both, the military and civilian life. Some themes I noticed within our topic were spy technology, space communications, phones, and radios (military and civilian).

My grandpa talked about his experience with communication and how he used to use it. Each step forward in technological advancement kept him on his toes and learning. He eventually started teaching about the communication technology to the military after he had retired from the U.S. Army. We spoke about the boundless potential of technology and that it can go as far as what the human can take it to, there are no limits!

We had a fun interview, although there were some distractions that kept us from getting too deep into the topic; we were interviewing on Thanksgiving Day, in which my grandpa cooks all the food for our family of 8. We kept conversation flowing, but I was mostly focusing on asking questions because I didn’t understand what he was saying enough, so I would just comment on how fascinating it is, how knowledgeable he is, and those sort of comments. I was surprised by the lack of knowledge I have in technology after listening to him go on about it. I sure learned a lot, like that we got spy satellites out there, and that communications can go any distance without any obstructions between each line.

I decided to edit the interview to be organized by starting in my grandpa’s younger years, then continue to talk about the evolution of technology as he aged. I started with his knowledge on communication technology, the limits, how communication technology got to the point it’s at today, and what we should expect in the future from communication technology, and technology as a whole. It seemed to flow the best and the topics transitioned to the next one fairly naturally, more than some of the other audio I had. I also cut out all the extended silences, pauses, and hesitations.






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Final Reflection: Emmalina Krist

The first audio story that I listened to was one by Jenna Walker, who interviewed her grandmother about her experiences transitioning from writing by hand and using a typewriter to using more modern technology, such as computer keyboards. Her grandmother touches upon the fact that she majored in art during her college years, although it seems like she has a personal interest in writing, as she mentioned classes that she was taking on the subject. I found it interesting how she related both typewriters and modern keyboards to her career and interests and how useful these types of technology were to these aspects of her life. One thing that I think I would have enjoyed hearing about further during this audio story would have been the interviewee’s experiences with other types of keyboards, such as those used within smartphone interfaces, if she interacts with this technology. I feel that this piece demonstrates the concept of oral history fairly well, because it collects the experience of the interviewee, who belongs to a different generation than both the interviewer and the target audience, with a specific type of technology both in the past and present.

The second audio story that I listened to belonged to Brianna Esqueda, who interviewed a researcher studying genetics about the technology used in her studies and work. I found it particularly interesting that the interview addressed future possibilities and implications of the research and technology that is focused upon. I think for this project, I would be interested to find out how the interviewee’s experiences using this technology have changed over time, and perhaps whether her younger self would ever have expected the advancements that the technology in her field has made, or whether her aspirations have changed with the evolution of technology. Even though the interviewee sounds fairly young, I think that perhaps technology in her field might be advancing so quickly that she might still be able to make comparisons about it over time.

The third audio story that I listened to belonged to Christian Solovey, who interviewed the DJ known as Tommy Gunz. I found the choice of interviewee to be quite interesting, as it seemed to be very easy to narrow down specific themes, such as music, and technology that a specific group of people involved in the music industry are familiar with. This piece also appears to be a good example of oral history, because the interviewee has intimate experience with specific types of technology used for his work, and the interviewer asks a set of questions that entices information from the interviewee about his experiences through time.


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Final Reflection: Wyatt Nevins

The first interview I visited was Seth Muck’s. I enjoyed listening to it in class for a few reasons – first of all, the audio quality was high albiet for a dip in the middle. Other than a slight audio foible the interview was compelling and high quality with an interesting contrast between generations. I’m Seth’s age, so hearing someone three years younger was rather startling. Blockbuster and Limewire have been dead for a while but I spent a large chunk of my childhood using both. I think the discussion about music was interesting as well, especially as both interviewer and interviewee dislike modern electric music. This theme was complimented well by the smooth intro and outro, belonging alongside any jazz album. While this is a more recent oral history taken from someone young I think it’s a great example of the versatility of the medium.

I picked Jenna Walker’s interview at random as I wanted to hear something new. Similar to Seth’s I thought the generational contrast was really stark, it was apparent her Grandmother had lived in a world entirely different from the one we have today for much of her life. The info about the type-writer was like a horror story to me as I do more than my fair share of typing essays. Having to start over because of one error would have crushed my soul and made me change my major long ago. The audio was a little low, but that may have been my headphones. This was an oral history I really enjoyed.

The last interview I listened to was Zach Larson’s. Like most of the interviews the audio quality was good, especially for being done with suboptimal software. The interviewee, Blake Gurney, shed some light on a world before cameras were handheld. As I listened I found myself questioning whether it was better that every moment could be preserved or if something was lost if anything could last forever. Questions like that are, in my opinion, the mark of a good oral history.

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Oral History: Wyatt Nevins

When this project was introduced to us I knew exactly who I wanted to talk to. My Grandpa on my mother’s side has been a professional engineer for his entire adult life, working on everything from crash test dummies to quasi-secret government projects. He grew up in California, moving up and down the state throughout his life before settling in Glendora. I’m close with Grandpa so it was easy interviewing him. Conversation flowed easily and I never felt like there were lulls.

I wanted to talk to him about the evolution of technology through his life, especially in regards to surveillance. Grandpa’s dad was a communist leader being monitored by the FBI. Grandpa Steve grew up in the era of McCarthyism where any and everyone was suspected of colluding with the red menace. I thought it would be interesting to see what he thought about modern spying technology i.e. cellphone/web search monitoring considering he grew up in a home that got strange phone calls in the middle of the night.

I edited the small part where Grandpa talked about his father at his request. He was raised not to talk about his father’s political activity, something that has stuck with him into seniority.

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Final Reflection: Milo Larson

In the first interview, Jenna Walker asks her grandmother about her experiences with technology when she was in college. It was interesting hearing what technology was available to her during that time and her transition between typewriter to computer. She explained that tasks took less time to complete once she started using computers. She also mentions how modern technology makes it easier for college students because of the evolution of the computer and opportunity to duplicate and share copies of their work. This is a good example of oral history as it talks about the use of technology related to writing at an age where computers did not exist. Overall the interview was clear and concise, focusing on the topic of typewriters and computers within her grandmothers life. The final product contained smooth transitions between audio clips and clear audio quality making it interesting and fun to listen to.

Luke Schauble choose to interview his father about technologies present within his business. One interesting thing he mentions during the interview is how his job consists of a computer and a cell phone. He claims without these two items he would be unable to conduct his business. He also talks about before the use of internet it was nearly impossible to gain international exposure for his business. It’s interesting how an international contact can be made within a couple of days compared to before the internet where it would take months to reach out to an international client and hear back. Luke address the problems that businesses face with technology including hackers. His dad then gave an example of how his banking information was intercepted and used to negatively impact his business. This is a great example of oral history as it focused on how technology has an impact on the business world. Luke also included a clear introduction and conclusion which helps the audience understand the main ideas of the interviews.

Ashley Cole interviewed her father about the use of telephones throughout his lifetime.It was interesting hearing how he grew up using pay phones and phones that use cords because those are much less common in today’s society. He also mentioned that most stores, including gas stations and grocery stores, contained a pay phone. Her father also talked about how useful pagers were when they came out. This became an effective way to get a hold of someone, as not everyone carried a cell phone during this time. Lastly, he talked about how the Nokia and Motorola cornered the phone market much like Apple does today. This is a good representation of oral history because he talks specifically about phones and how they evolved throughout his lifetime. The interaction between the person being interviewed and the person conducting interview made the interview seem relaxed and flow well.

Overall, these three interview all told stories about technology from different angles. Jenna focused on the evolution of typing and computers back when they were first introduced. Luke focused on developing technology within the business world and how it has its positive and negative impacts. Lastly, Ashley focused on all types of telephones and how they effected her father’s generation before the modern day cellphone. All were good examples of oral history and were well put together.

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