Closure and Time Frames: Jon Preng

The graphic novel that I chose was, “Poppies of Iraq” by Brigitte Findakly and Lewis Trondhein. I found this comic interesting because it is an autobiography in a comic form. Also, it is unique since there aren’t any panels throughout the book. Instead, the scenes are separated by a white space. The artwork is detailed but no too complex, which is a style that I enjoy.

Findakly’s father purchases a
gun to protect his family

The first visual that I’ve included represents closure. In Scott McCloud’s “Understanding Comics,” he defines closure as, “motion in comics is produced between panels by the mental process.” (pg. 107). In the picture from Poppies of Iraq, the closure is scene-to-scene. In each “panel” there is a different setting and it is obvious that the actions were not back to back, as if it was moment-to-moment or action-to-action. Although the panels revolve around the same idea, it is not subject-to-subject because there is a significant amount of time in between frames. For example, one panel is during the mother’s pregnancy and two frames later, the child looks a bit older.

The second picture relates to time frames. The panels engage the viewer by having them interpret what is going on. Towards the middle, the authors finally add the words, “In Iraq, it’s the men who do the groceries.” Instead of adding the phrase at the beginning, it is inserted at the bottom half of the page. I believe this what done on purpose as a strategy to have the viewer analyze the scenes.

The social norm in Iraq

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