Texture is the grain of surfaces that can be felt, or seen. It adds emphasis and detail to images or physical objects, so it is both physical and virtual. Texture utilizes juxtaposition or contrast for affect. Examples of juxtaposition are sticky/dry, or fuzzy/smooth.
I used this picture of frozen fog I took a couple weeks ago because I thought it was cool how you can see the ice crystals build up and stick to the smooth stalk of the grass.
Pattern is composed of stripes, dots, and grids. Patterns have three basic forms: isolated, linear, and criss-crossing elements. A dot is in individual form while a line is a linear path. Dots and stripes compose grids and when these components are used, a pattern arises. Changing the color, orientation, or scale of a pattern can change the perception of an image, which can create motion and depth.
There is a pattern of semi-circles and loops that form the waves of this tattoo as well as as the background shading that is shown in this image.
Point, line, and plane are what makes design possible in the first place. A point or dot is a visible mark, and a series of marks makes a line. Lines are an infinite number of points with length but no breadth. A plane exists because a line has reached a thickness or breadth to make it a flat surface. Planes can be solid, opaque, transparent, perforated, textured or smooth.
The lines of this topographic map give information of land contours of Bryce Canyon. Topographic maps can also have texture because the different elements of them are raised or indented, and in the case of these lines, they provide information about elevation changes in Bryce Canyon.